Taekwondo Grading Theory

Coloured Belt Theory Questions

These are typical questions coloured belts might be asked in gradings; this is not a complete list but should help you begin to navigate your handbook if you read it to look up the answers.

10th Kup - PUMA Grade 1 (White to Purple Stripe)

  • Where does Taekwon-Do come from?
  • What is the name of your instructor?
  • Show how you make a fist and the part of the fist we use to punch a pad.
Puma Grade 1 – PUMA Grade 2 (Purple Stripe Grading to Orange Stripe)

  • What is your training suit in Korean?
  • What is the training hall in Korean?
  • What are the three rules of concentration?
Puma Grade 2 – 9th Kup (Orange Stripe Grading to Yellow Stripe)

  • How do we get power in our movements?
  • What are the benefits from doing Taekwon-Do?
  • What are Tae, Kwon and Do in English?

All students who are 9th Kup and above can be asked the name, number of moves and meaning of their highest pattern (Tul). They can also be asked the meaning of the colour of belt they are trying to achieve and any questions relating to the gradings that have gone before.

10th Kup - 9th Kup (Adults & Older Juniors 12+)

  • Name the founder of Taekwondo?
  • What are the 5 Tenets of Taekwondo?
  • Who is the Grading Examiner?
  • That does Tae-Kwon-Do mean?
  • What does WHite Signify?
  • Count to 10 in Korean?

All students who are 9th Kup and above can be asked the name, number of moves and meaning of their highest pattern (Tul). They can also be asked the meaning of the colour of belt they are trying to achieve and any questions relating to the gradings that have gone before.

9th Kup – 8th Kup (Yellow Stripe Grading to Yellow Belt)

  • What is the Meanign of Chon-Ji?
  • WHat is the meaning of Yellow Belt?
  • What are the tenets of Taekwon-Do?
  • What do they mean?
  • When was Taekwon-Do formed?
  • What does P.U.M.A stand for?
  • When was P.U.M.A. formed?
  • Name the founder of Taekwon-Do?
  • Understand which parts of the forearm are used for low, middle and rising block?
  • What part of the foot is used in front kick?
  • Demonstrate and explain a walking stance, name the stance in Korean?
  • Demonstrate and explain an sitting stance, name the stance in Korean?
  • Demonstrate and explain an L stance, name the stance in Korean?
  • Explain 3-Step Sparring? (adults)
  • What is a Tenet? (adults)

All students who are 9th Kup and above can be asked the name, number of moves and meaning of their highest pattern (Tul). They can also be asked the meaning of the colour of belt they are trying to achieve and any questions relating to the gradings that have gone before.

8th Kup – 7th Kup (Yellow Belt Grading for Green Stripe)

  • What is the meaning of Dan-Gun?
  • Name the three sections of the body in English and Korean?
  • What is forefist in Korean?
  • What is forearm in Korean?
  • When was Taekwon-Do brought to England?
  • When was PUMA formed?
  • What part of the foot is used for front snap kick?
  • What part of the foot is used for side piercing kick?
  • Explain twin forearm block and name it in Korean?
  • Explain knife-hand guarding block and name it in Korean?
  • Name three different kicks in in English and Korean?
  • Name 5 stances?
  • What is inwards and outwards?
  • Name 4 blocks?

When learning terms i.e. stances, blocks, sections, hand/foot parts etc, first know them in English and then learn them in Korean from your hand book.

7th Kup – 6th Kup (Green Stripe Grading for Green Belt)

  • Why are there 24 patterns?
  • What is the meaning od Do-San?
  • What is the meaning of Green Belt?
  • Name 3 different kicks?
  • Demonstrate wedging block and name it in Korean?
  • Explain the release move in your highest pattern?
  • Explain turning kick?
  • What do we gain from doing 3 step sparring?
  • What is 3 step sparring in Korean?
  • Name 3 hand-parts in English and Korean?
  • Name 3 foot-parts in English and Korean?
  • What is free sparring in Korean?
  • What do we gain from learning to spar?

When learning terms i.e. stances, blocks, sections, hand/foot parts etc, first know them in English and then learn them in Korean from your hand book.

6th Kup – 5th Kup (Green Belt Grading for Blue Stripe)

  • What is the meaning of Won Hyo?
  • What is 2 step sparring in Korean?
  • What do we learn from 2 step sparring?
  • Explain everything you know about bending stance?
  • Explain everything you know about fixed stance?
  • WHy do we learn free sparring?
  • Name 5 hand-parts in Korean and say what move they are used for?
  • Name four foot parts?
  • Explain everything you know about the first 3 moves of Won Hyo?
  • Demonstrate a back-piercing kick and explain it?
  • Why are there meanings to patterns?
  • What is a pattern?
  • What do you do for your Taekwon-Do school and other students in your class?
5th Kup - 4th Kup (Blue Stripe Grading for Blue Belt)

  • What is the Meaning of Blue Belt?
  • What is the meaning of Yul-Gok?
  • Know the target areas for basic attacks – punches, kicks, strikes and thrusts up to your grade?
  • Know the blocking tool used for basic blocks – low, middle, rising, inner, outer, forearm, hand up to your grade?
  • Explain X-Stance?
  • What happened on April 11th 1955

Students grading for their Blue Belt and above are trying for a ‘senior’ grade of belt and will need to be familiar with everything in the handbook up to the page for their grade.  This means all prior questions and knowledge may be asked.

4th Kup - 3rd Kup (BLue Belt Grading for Red Stripe)

  • What is the meaning of Joong-Gun?
  • Why do we do one step sparring?
  • What is the purpose of U-Shaped Block?
  • Why do we perform patterns?
  • Why do we learn pattern meanings?
  • What is the korean for and difference between the difference set sparrings (1, 2, 3 step)?

Students grading for their Blue Belt and above are trying for a ‘senior’ grade of belt and will need to be familiar with everything in the handbook up to the page for their grade.  This means all prior questions and knowledge may be asked.

3rd Kup - 2nd Kup (Red Stripe Grading for Red Belt)

  • What is the meaning of Toi-Gye?
  • What does red belt signify?
  • Name six different kicks?
  • Name seven different stances?
  • Name eight different blocks?

Students grading for their Blue Belt and above are trying for a ‘senior’ grade of belt and will need to be familiar with everything in the handbook up to the page for their grade.  This means all prior questions and knowledge may be asked.

2nd Kup - 1st Kup (Red Belt Grading for Black Stripe)

  • What is the meaning of Hwa-Rang?
  • Who was in charge of the 29th Infantry Division?
  • Name 3 patterns with release moves?
  • What is your philosophy on Taekwondo?
  • Be prepared to know the meanings of all your patterns asked in any order!
  • You could be asked move by move for the stance, the attack and the defence

Students grading for their Blue Belt and above are trying for a ‘senior’ grade of belt and will need to be familiar with everything in the handbook up to the page for their grade.  This means all prior questions and knowledge may be asked.

1st Kup - 1st Dan (Black Stripe Grading for Black Belt 1st Dan)

Here are some samples of the types of questions you should consider in preparation for your black belt grading.

  • What is the meaning of Choong Moo?
  • What is Taekwondo?
  • Why do you deserve your black belt?
  • Why do you want to be a black belt?
  • What is your philosophy on Taekwondo?
  • What is the difference between ITF and WTF Taekwondo?
  • What is the difference between a martial artist and a sports person?
  • Which Tenet most represents you?
  • If you could add another Tenet what would it be?
  • Who inspires you?
  • Be prepared to know the meanings of all your patterns asked in any order!
  • Research the history of each patterns to understand some of the background to each
  • You could be asked move by move for the stance, the attack and the defence

Students grading for their Blue Belt and above are trying for a ‘senior’ grade of belt and will need to be familiar with everything in the handbook up to the page for their grade.  This means all prior questions and knowledge may be asked.

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